The dynamics of a semi-infinite Euler–Bernoulli beam on unilateral elastic springs is investigated. The mechanical model is governed by a moving-boundary hyperbolic problem, which cannot be solved in closed form. Therefore, we look for approximated solutions following two different approaches. From the one side, approximate analytical solutions are obtained by means of perturbation techniques. On the other side, numerical solutions are determined by a self-made finite element algorithm. The analytical and numerical solutions are compared with each other, and the effects of the problem nonlinearity on the beam motion are analyzed. In particular, the superharmonics oscillations and the resonances are investigated in depth.