This paper addresses the problems of the robust stability and stabilization for fractional order systems based on the uncertain Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model. A sufficient and necessary condition of asymptotical stability for fractional order uncertain T-S fuzzy model is given, and a parallel distributed compensate fuzzy controller is designed to asymptotically stabilize the model. The results are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities. Finally, a numerical example and fractional order Van der Pol system are given to show the effectiveness of our results.