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Research Papers

Control Constraint of Underactuated Aerospace Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Pierangelo Masarati

Associate Professor
e-mail: pierangelo.masarati@polimi.it

Marco Morandini

Assistant Professor
e-mail: marco.morandini@polimi.it

Alessandro Fumagalli

e-mail: alessandro.fumagalli@selexgalileo.com
Dipartimento di Scienze e
Tecnologie Aerospaziali,
Politecnico di Milano,
Milano 20156, Italy

For a definition of the differential index of DAEs see for example [20].

See for example [21] for the definitions of A and L stability.

1Corresponding author.

2Now at Selex ES, a Finmeccanica Company, Space Robotics PEM/System Engineering, Milano 20153, Italy.

Contributed by the Design Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICS. Manuscript received July 2, 2012; final manuscript received October 3, 2013; published online January 9, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Jozsef Kovecses.

J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam 9(2), 021014 (Jan 09, 2014) (9 pages) Paper No: CND-12-1104; doi: 10.1115/1.4025629 History: Received July 02, 2012; Revised October 03, 2013

This paper discusses the problem of control constraint realization applied to the design of maneuvers of complex underactuated systems modeled as multibody problems. Applications of interest in the area of aerospace engineering are presented and discussed. The tangent realization of the control constraint is discussed from a theoretical point of view and is used to determine feedforward control of realistic underactuated systems. The effectiveness of the computed feedforward input is subsequently verified by applying it to more detailed models of the problems, in the presence of disturbances and uncertainties in combination with feedback control. The problems are solved using a free general-purpose multibody software that writes the constrained dynamics of multifield problems formulated as differential-algebraic equations. The equations are integrated using unconditionally stable algorithms with tunable dissipation. The essential extension to the multibody code consisted of the addition of the capability to write arbitrary constraint equations and apply the corresponding reaction multipliers to arbitrary equations of motion. The modeling capabilities of the formulation could be exploited without any undue restriction on the modeling requirements.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Snapshots of planar parallel manipulator at (a) t = 0.0 s, (b) 0.9 s, (c) 1.2 s, and (d) 1.8 s

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Fig. 2

CM trajectory of both platforms

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Fig. 3

CM motion and rotation of both platforms

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Fig. 4

Torque in actuators

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Fig. 5

Rotation of actuators

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Fig. 7

Canard vertical motion (top); difference (bottom)

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Fig. 8

Canard pitch rotation (top); difference (bottom)

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Fig. 9

Canard control rotation (top); difference (bottom)

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Fig. 10

Conventional aircraft: sketch

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Fig. 11

Conventional aircraft: vertical motion

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Fig. 12

Conventional aircraft: control rotation

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Fig. 14

HAWT: angular velocity

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Fig. 15

HAWT: blade collective pitch

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