0
Technical Brief

Simulation Analysis and Material Optimization of an Aircraft Wing Leading Edge When Subjected to an Artificial Bird Strike

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Srinivasan

Associate Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Adhiyamaan College of Engineering,
Hosur 635 109, India
e-mail: avinashjohns@gmail.com

Channankaiah

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Adhiyamaan College of Engineering,
Hosur 635 109, India
e-mail: shijupt007@gmail.com

George P. Johnson

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Adhiyamaan College of Engineering,
Hosur 635 109, India
e-mail: avinashjohns@rediffmail.com

Manuscript received December 27, 2013; final manuscript received December 23, 2014; published online April 2, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Tae-Won Park.

J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam 10(5), 054501 (Sep 01, 2015) (5 pages) Paper No: CND-13-1328; doi: 10.1115/1.4029510 History: Received December 27, 2013; Revised December 23, 2014; Online April 02, 2015

Bird strike resistance is a strict certification requirement in aircraft industries, and the Federal Aviation Regulations specifically gives various specifications to be followed for certification of various parts of the aircraft. The primary objective of this research is to develop a methodology, which can be utilized to certify an aircraft for bird strike using computational methods, and the impact behavior of a 4-lb artificial bird impinging on the wing leading edge is performed using smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. The study is focused on the most-frequently used bird configuration in the literatures: namely, cylinder with hemispherical ends. The skin is modeled with an aluminum 2014 alloy, which is prominently used in aircraft industries, and aluminum 8090 alloy. The effects of impact on these materials are studied.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Allan, J. R., 2002, “The Costs of Birdstrikes and Birdstrike Prevention,” Human Conflicts With Wildlife: Economic Considerations, Clarke, L., ed., U.S. Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, CO, pp. 147–153.
Budgey, R., 2000, “Development of a Substitute Artificial Bird by the International Bird Strike Research Group for Use in Aircraft Component Testing,” Bird Strike Avoidance Team, Central Science Laboratory, UK.
Airoldi, A., and Cacchione, B., 2006, “Modelling of Impact Forces and Pressures in Lagrangian Bird Strike Analyses,” Int. J. Impact, 32(10), pp. 1651–1677. [CrossRef]
Capone, C., 2010, “Numerical Simulation of Fluid–Structure Interaction Comparing SPH and ALE Approaches,” Sixth Pegasus-AIAA, Student Conference, Spain.
Lavoie, M.-A., Gakwaya, A., Nejad Ensan, M., and Zimcik, D. G., 2007, “Review of Existing Numerical Methods and Validation Procedure Available for Bird Strike Modelling,” ICCES, 2(4), pp. 111–118.
Australian Transport Safety Bureau, 2002, “The Hazards Posed to Aircrafts Birds,” Australian Transport Safety Bureau.
European Aviation Safety Agency, 2008, “Bird Strike Damage & Windshield Bird Strike Final Report,” European Aviation Safety Agency.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Artificial bird shapes

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Global energy curves

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Material energy plot

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Plastic strain energy plot

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

CAD model of the aircraft wing

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In