The double-sided fluid film force on the inner and outer ring surfaces of a floating ring bearing (FRB) creates strong nonlinear response characteristics such as coexistence of multiple orbits, Hopf bifurcation, Neimark-Sacker (N-S) bifurcation, and chaos in operations. An improved autonomous shooting with deflation algorithm is applied to a rigid rotor supported by FRBs for numerically analyzing its nonlinear behavior. The method enhances computation efficiency by avoiding previously found solutions in the numerical-based search. The solution manifold for phase state and period is obtained using arc-length continuation. It was determined that the FRB-rotor system has multiple response states near Hopf and N-S bifurcation points, and the bifurcation scenario depends on the ratio of floating ring length and diameter (L/D). Since multiple responses coexist under the same operating conditions, simulation of jumps between two stable limit cycles from potential disturbance such as sudden base excitation is demonstrated. In addition, this paper investigates chaotic motions in the FRB-rotor system, utilizing four different approaches, strange attractor, Lyapunov exponent, frequency spectrum, and bifurcation diagram. A numerical case study for quenching the large amplitude motion by adding unbalance force is provided and the result shows synchronization, i.e., subsynchronous frequency components are suppressed. In this research, the fluid film forces on the FRB are determined by applying the finite element method while prior work has utilized a short bearing approximation. Simulation response comparisons between the short bearing and finite bearing models are discussed.