Research Papers

A Finite Element Methodology to Study Soil–Structure Interaction in High-Speed Railway Bridges

[+] Author and Article Information
Antonio Martínez-De la Concha

Structures Group,
School of Engineering,
University of Seville,
Camino de los Descubrimientos, s/n,
Seville 41092, Spain

Héctor Cifuentes, Fernando Medina

Structures Group,
School of Engineering,
University of Seville,
Camino de los Descubrimientos, s/n,
Seville 41092, Spain

Contributed by the Design Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICS. Manuscript received June 28, 2017; final manuscript received December 12, 2017; published online January 25, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Corina Sandu.

J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam 13(3), 031010 (Jan 25, 2018) (14 pages) Paper No: CND-17-1283; doi: 10.1115/1.4038819 History: Received June 28, 2017; Revised December 12, 2017

This paper analyzes the dynamic soil–structure interaction (SSI) of a railway bridge under the load transmitted by high-speed trains using the finite element method (FEM). In this type of bridges, the correct analysis of SSI requires proper modeling of the soil; however, this task is one of the most difficult to achieve with the FEM method. In this study, we explored the influence of SSI on the dynamic properties of the structure and the structure's response to high-speed train traffic using commercial finite element software with direct integration and modal superposition methods. High-speed trains are characterized by the high-speed load model (HSLM) in the Eurocode. We performed sensitivity analyses of the influence of several parameters on the model, such as the size and stiffness of the discretized soil, mesh size, and the influence of the dynamic behavior of the excitation. Based on the results, we make some important and reliable recommendations for building an efficient and simple model that includes SSI. We conducted a dynamic analysis of a full model of a general multispan bridge including the piers, abutments, and soil and identified the impact factors that affected the design of the bridge. The analysis revealed that the methodology we propose allows for a more accurate determination of the dynamic effects of the passage of a train over the bridge, compared to the simpler and more widely used analysis of a directly supported isolated deck, which tends to overestimate the impact factors.

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Fig. 1

Geometry of the models of the isolated footing (a) and two adjacent isolated footings (b)

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Fig. 2

Geometric description of the bridge

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Fig. 3

Schematic model of the cross section of the deck

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Fig. 4

Mesh discretization of the deck

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Fig. 7

Maximum vertical displacements in the center of the footing for different sizes of discretized soil

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Fig. 6

Full model discretization

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Fig. 11

Maximum vertical displacement in the center of the footing for different mesh sizes

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Fig. 8

Displacement in the center of the footing as a function of time for discretized soil sizes of 1.4 × 1.4 × 1.4 m (a) and 5.0 × 5.0 × 5.0 m (b)

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Fig. 9

Maximum vertical displacements in the center of the footing for different discretized soil dimensions and methods of calculation

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Fig. 10

Maximum vertical displacements in the center of the footing for different numbers of modes

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Fig. 13

Vertical displacements in the center of the footing for different mass ratios

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Fig. 12

Maximum vertical displacements in the center of the footing for different pulse durations

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Fig. 15

Maximum vertical displacements in the isolated deck model

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Fig. 14

Response of the passive footing: (a) 2.5 times footing, (b) 5 times footing, (c) 7.5 times footing, and (d) 10 times footing

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Fig. 16

Maximum displacements in the reference node for 200 (a) and 300 (b) modes

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Fig. 17

Maximum displacements for soil Cs of 100 m/s (a), 300 m/s (b), 575 m/s (c), and 800 m/s (d)



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