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Research Papers

Parallel Co-Simulation Method for Railway Vehicle-Track Dynamics

[+] Author and Article Information
Qing Wu, Yan Sun, Maksym Spiryagin, Colin Cole

Centre for Railway Engineering,
Central Queensland University,
Rockhampton QLD4701, Australia;
Australasian Centre for Rail Innovation,
Canberra ACT2608, Australia

Contributed by the Design Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICS. Manuscript received October 22, 2017; final manuscript received January 29, 2018; published online February 26, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Xiaobo Yang.

J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam 13(4), 041004 (Feb 26, 2018) (9 pages) Paper No: CND-17-1467; doi: 10.1115/1.4039310 History: Received October 22, 2017; Revised January 29, 2018

This paper introduces a new parallel co-simulation method to study vehicle-track dynamic interactions. The new method uses the transmission control protocol/internet protocol (TCP/IP) to enable co-simulation between a detailed in-house track dynamics simulation package and a commercial vehicle system dynamics simulation package. The exchanged information are wheel-rail contact forces and rail kinematics. Then, the message passing interface (MPI) technique is used to enable the model to process track dynamics simulations and vehicle dynamics simulations in parallel. The parallel co-simulation technique has multiple advantages: (1) access to the advantages of both in-house and commercial simulation packages; (2) new model parts can be easily added in as new parallel processes; and (3) saving of computing time. The original track model used in this paper was significantly improved in terms of computing speed. The improved model is now more than ten times faster than the original model. Two simulations were conducted to model a locomotive negotiating a section of track with and without unsupported sleepers. The results show that the vertical rail deflections, wheel-rail contact forces and vehicle suspension forces are evidently larger when unsupported sleepers are present. The simulations have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed parallel co-simulation method for vehicle-track dynamic interaction studies.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Longitudinal view of the track model

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Fig. 2

Cross-sectional view of the track model

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Fig. 3

Locomotive suspension: (a) primary suspension and (b) secondary suspension

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Fig. 4

Wheel and rail profiles

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Fig. 5

Co-simulation architecture

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Fig. 6

Parallel co-simulation architecture

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Fig. 7

Track model with an unsupported sleeper

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Fig. 8

Vertical deflection of the rail

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Fig. 9

Vertical wheel-rail contact force

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Fig. 10

Vertical force of primary suspension

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