This paper deals with the problem of master-slave synchronization of fractional-order chaotic systems with input saturation. Sufficient stability conditions for achieving the synchronization are derived from the basis of a fractional-order extension of the Lyapunov direct method, a new lemma of the Caputo fractional derivative, and a local sector condition. The stability conditions are formulated in linear matrix inequality (LMI) forms and therefore are readily solved. The fractional-order chaotic Lorenz and hyperchaotic Lü systems with input saturation are utilized as illustrative examples. The feasibility of the proposed synchronization scheme is demonstrated through numerical simulations.