This paper reviews the evolution of heavy-duty power generation and industrial combustion turbines in the United States from a Westinghouse Electric Corporation perspective. Westinghouse combustion turbine genealogy began in March of 1943 when the first wholly American designed and manufactured jet engine went on test in Philadelphia, and continues today in Orlando, Florida with the 160 MW, 501F Advanced Combustion Turbine. In this paper, advances in thermodynamics, materials, cooling, and unit size will be described. Many basic design features such as two-bearing rotor, cold-end drive, can-annular internal combustors, CURVIC2 clutched turbine discs, and tangential exhaust struts have endured successfully for over 40 years. Progress in turbine technology includes the clean coal technology and advanced turbine systems initiatives of the U.S. Department of Energy.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Evolution of Heavy-Duty Power Generation and Industrial Combustion Turbines in the United States
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Scalzo, AJ, Bannister, RL, DeCorso, M, & Howard, GS. "Evolution of Heavy-Duty Power Generation and Industrial Combustion Turbines in the United States." Proceedings of the ASME 1994 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition. Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration. The Hague, Netherlands. June 13–16, 1994. V004T10A028. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/94-GT-488
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