Characterization of a microchannel solar thermal receiver for a supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) is presented. The receiver design is based on conjugate computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer simulations as well as thermo-mechanical stress analysis. Two receivers are fabricated and experimentally characterized — a parallel microchannel design and a microscale pin fin array design. Lab-scale experiments have been used to demonstrate the receiver integrity at the design pressure of 125 bar at 750°C surface temperature. A concentrated solar simulator was designed and assembled to characterize the thermal performance of the lab scale receiver test articles. Results indicate that, for a fixed exit fluid temperature of 650°C, increase in incident heat flux results in an increase in receiver and thermal efficiency. At a fixed heat flux, efficiency decreased with an increase in receiver surface temperature. The ability to absorb flux of up to 100 W/cm2 at thermal efficiency in excess of 90 percent and exit fluid temperature of 650°C using the microchannel receiver is demonstrated. Pressure drop for the pin array at the maximum flow rate for heat transfer experiments is less than 0.64 percent of line pressure.
- Heat Transfer Division
- Fluids Engineering Division
High Flux Microscale Solar Thermal Receiver for Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Cycles
L’Estrange, T, Truong, E, Rymal, C, Rasouli, E, Narayanan, V, Apte, S, & Drost, K. "High Flux Microscale Solar Thermal Receiver for Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Cycles." Proceedings of the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels collocated with the ASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems. ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. San Francisco, California, USA. July 6–9, 2015. V001T03A009. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICNMM2015-48233
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