RF ablation is an important technique in cancer treatment. It has been proposed that the effective area treated via RF ablation can be increased by increasing the local electrical conductivity. This is achieved by injection of NaCl solution into the tissue. For an accurate and effective RF ablation treatment using this new method, it is necessary to measure the local electrical conductivity, which varies spatially due to diffusion of sodium chloride. In this paper, we propose a micro probe to measure the local tissue electrical conductivity. The probe consists of two in-plane miniature electrodes separated by a small gap. When the electrodes are in contact with the tissue, the electrical resistance across them can be used to calculate the electrical conductivity. The probe is fabricated by standard photolithography techniques. The substrate material is polyimide and the electrodes are made of gold. A four-electrode probe is used to calibrate the new electrical conductivity micro probe using different concentrations of saline water. The resistance measurements are carried out using an impedance analyzer on different frequencies. The frequency of choice for RF ablation of tumors is 500k Hz and is the one selected for calibration and testing. The micro-probe calibration is then verified by measuring electrical conductivity of a phantom and comparing it with the result measured by the four-electrode probe. Finally, some in vivo tests are performed and the results are compared with literate data.
Micromachined Electrical Conductivity Probe for RF Ablation of Tumors
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Yi, M, Panchawagh, HV, Mahajan, RL, Liu, Z, & Goldberg, SN. "Micromachined Electrical Conductivity Probe for RF Ablation of Tumors." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Advances in Bioengineering. Orlando, Florida, USA. November 5–11, 2005. pp. 53-56. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-82064
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