The high incident heat flux on the concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system causes a significant increase in the cell temperature and thus reduces the system efficiency. Therefore, using an efficient cooling technique is of great importance for those systems. In the present study, a new technology for concentrated photovoltaic systems is introduced using a truncated-double layer microchannel heat sink. A comprehensive three-dimensional thermo-fluid model for the photovoltaic layers integrated with a microchannel heat sink was developed. The proposed model was simulated numerically to estimate the solar cell temperature, temperature uniformity, cooling system pumping power, electrical efficiency and thermal efficiency of the CPV system. The numerical results were validated with the available experimental, analytical and numerical results in the literature. In the designed heat sink, various design parameters are investigated such as the truncation length, cooling mass flow rate, concentration ratio, and converging width ratio of the flow channel. Results indicate that increasing the truncated length leads to an increase of solar cell temperature at a constant coolant mass flow rate. The cell temperature varies between 80.1°C and 146.5°C as the truncation length ratio increases from 0 (i.e. single layer microchannel) to 1 respectively at a concentration ratio (CR) of 40 and a cooling mass flow rate (ṁ) of 26.6 g/min. Using the double layer microchannel reduces the consumed pumping power at the same total mass flow rate compared to the single layer microchannel. The Double layer configuration with a truncation length ratio (l/lsc) equal to unity achieves a lower pumping power and solar cell temperature uniformity in comparison to the single layer microchannel.
Performance Evaluation of Concentrated Photovoltaic System Using a Microchannel Heat Sink
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Radwan, A, Ahmed, M, & Ookawara, S. "Performance Evaluation of Concentrated Photovoltaic System Using a Microchannel Heat Sink." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 6A: Energy. Phoenix, Arizona, USA. November 11–17, 2016. V06AT08A027. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2016-66724
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