Myopia (nearsightedness) is a condition in which the axial length of the eye is longer than the focal plane and, therefore, images of distant objects are blurred. Discoveries that the environment plays a critical role in ocular development (eg., [1]) suggest that there is a visually guided feedback mechanism by which the axial length is matched to the unaccommodated focal plane (emmetropization). Studies have shown increased scleral creep rates associated with form deprivation myopia [2] suggesting that regulation of creep may be responsible for emmetropization, while excessive unregulated creep may result in myopia.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.