The use of cold field bends is not practical for some pipeline construction applications, particularly for large diameter pipelines built with restricted work space. For many reasons, the use of segmented induction bends and long-radius elbows becomes a necessary part of normal construction practice.
This paper describes the results of the second phase of a recently-completed joint industry project pertaining to welding of field segmented induction bends and elbows for pipeline construction. In this phase, optimal methods for mapping, cutting, beveling, and transitioning induction bends and elbows were developed. Recommended practices for welding in the field and for a variety of related issues were also developed. The information was summarized and used to develop a generic specification for segmenting and welding of induction bends and elbows.