In a companion paper we have solved the basic problem of full-state stabilization of unstable “shock-like” equilibrium profiles of the viscous Burgers equation with actuation at the boundaries. In this paper we consider several advanced problems for this nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE) system. We start with the problems of trajectory generation and tracking. Our algorithm is applicable to a large class of functions of time as reference trajectories of the boundary output, though we focus in more detail on the special case of sinusoidal references. Since the Burgers equation is not globally controllable, the reference amplitudes cannot be arbitrarily large. We provide a sufficient condition that characterizes the allowable amplitudes and frequencies, under which the state trajectory is bounded and tracking is achieved. We then consider the problem of output feedback stabilization. We design a nonlinear observer for the Burgers equation that employs only boundary sensing. We employ its state estimates in an output feedback control law, which we prove to be locally stabilizing. The output feedback law is illustrated with numerical simulations of the closed-loop system.
Nonlinear Control of the Viscous Burgers Equation: Trajectory Generation, Tracking, and Observer Design
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Krstic, M., Magnis, L., and Vazquez, R. (February 9, 2009). "Nonlinear Control of the Viscous Burgers Equation: Trajectory Generation, Tracking, and Observer Design." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. March 2009; 131(2): 021012. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3023128
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