This paper studies the flow and temperature patterns in an overhead diffuser based data center. In-situ measurements of the data center were carried out to validate a mathematic model for predicting the effect of different air distribution systems. With the measured data of temperatures and airflow velocities, the mathematic model is constructed using a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software and experimental data to present a comparison between test results and numerical simulations. The area of the data center is 311 square meters and the heat load of the equipment is 320~360 watt per square meter. In-situ temperatures and humidity of the data center were measured with an Automatic Temperature and Humidity measuring instrument, whose error is ±0.5 °C. The discrepancy of the temperature and velocity between the numerical and experimental results were within ±2.3 °C and ±1.8 m/s, respectively. In addition, analysis shows that changing the volume flow rate of the cold air delivered to some diffusers can optimize the temperature field and thereby save the energy.
Comparison Between Numerical and Experimental Results of Airflow Distribution in Diffuser Based Data Center
Jian, Q., Wang, Q., Wang, H., and Zuo, Z. (March 19, 2012). "Comparison Between Numerical and Experimental Results of Airflow Distribution in Diffuser Based Data Center." ASME. J. Electron. Packag. March 2012; 134(1): 011006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005912
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