The paper presents a two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of lab-scale fixed-bed pyrolytic reactor. The goal of the work was to verify assumptions regarding construction and operating parameters of the pyrolytic reactor and examining heat transfer conditions and the final temperature distribution in the system taking into account the endothermic pyrolysis reactions occurrence. The impact of the most important numerical parameters on simulation results was also investigated. Model was prepared in ansys fluent 18.2 software. The studies have shown large temperature gradients both in the biomass deposit and at the reactor walls. The analysis has confirmed the validity of the proposed reactor construction concept and allowed to specify the range of thermal power value necessary for obtaining the pyrolysis process in a system with given properties and dimensions. Increasing the heat flux supplying the reactor from 160 to 480 W caused acceleration and intensification of biomass thermal decomposition, while the average final bed temperature after 10 min of heating in each case was reaching similar level. Low thermal conductivity of the bed and strong heat absorption due to pyrolysis suppress heat transfer through the bed, which causes significant temperature differences between the warmest and coldest regions of the bed. However, temperature unevenness and hence the unevenness of the pyrolysis process can provide favorable conditions for measuring the gas composition leaving the reactor due to the relatively balanced time stream of pyrolysis gases.