Computational fluid dynamic simulations using the AVL FIRE and KIVA 3V codes were performed to examine commonly accepted techniques and assumptions used when simulating direct injection diesel engines. Simulations of a steady-state impulse swirl meter validated the commonly used practice of evaluating the swirl ratio of diesel engines by integrating the valve flow and torque history over discrete valve lift values. The results indicate the simulations capture the complex interactions occurring in the ports, cylinder, and honeycomb cell impulse swirl meter. Geometric details of engines due to valve recesses in the cylinder head and piston cannot be reproduced axisymmetrically. The commonly adopted axisymmetric assumption for an engine with a centrally located injector was tested by comparing the swirl and emissions history for a noncombusting and a double injection low temperature combustion case with varying geometric fidelity. Consideration of the detailed engine geometry including valve recesses in the piston altered the swirl history such that the peak swirl ratio at TDC decreased by approximately 10% compared with the simplified no-recess geometry. An analog to the detailed geometry of the full 3D geometry was included in the axisymmetric geometry by including a groove in the cylinder head of the mesh. The corresponding emissions predictions of the combusting cases showed greater sensitivity to the altered swirl history as the air-fuel ratio was decreased.
Examination of Initialization and Geometric Details on the Results of CFD Simulations of Diesel Engines
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Bergin, M. J., Musu, E., Kokjohn, S., and Reitz, R. D. (November 18, 2010). "Examination of Initialization and Geometric Details on the Results of CFD Simulations of Diesel Engines." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. April 2011; 133(4): 044501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001941
Download citation file: