The combined effects of Joule heating and viscous dissipation on the momentum and thermal transport are studied for the Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow over a stretching sheet. Effects of free convection, thermal radiation, and surface suction/blowing on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are also examined. Results demonstrate that the reduction in heat transfer due to Joule and viscous heating is more pronounced at a higher Prandtl number. The Eckert number changes appreciably the velocity profile as the buoyancy effect becomes significant, while the Eckert number has an unimpressive effect on the velocity when the free convection is week. Increasing the radiation parameter will increase the temperature profile noticeably, and thus reduce the heat transfer rate accordingly. The heat transfer is enhanced markedly by imposing surface fluid suction, while the opposite trend is observed for blowing.
Combined Effects of Joule Heating and Viscous Dissipation on Magnetohydrodynamic Flow Past a Permeable, Stretching Surface With Free Convection and Radiative Heat Transfer
Chen, C. (April 1, 2010). "Combined Effects of Joule Heating and Viscous Dissipation on Magnetohydrodynamic Flow Past a Permeable, Stretching Surface With Free Convection and Radiative Heat Transfer." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. June 2010; 132(6): 064503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000946
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