Loaded transmission error (LTE) is one of the primary sources of gear noise and vibration. While ease-off topography has been shown to be powerful in improving the contact properties of a gear drive, its optimization to minimize LTEs has been an open problem in the gear literature. Through the formulation of an appropriate nonlinear optimization problem, this study proposes a novel methodology to systematically define optimal ease-off topography to simultaneously minimize LTEs and contact pressures, while concurrently confining the loaded contact pattern within a prescribed allowable region on the tooth surface to avoid any edge- or corner-contact condition. Effectiveness of this optimization is presented using a face-milled and a face-hobbed hypoid gear examples. These example analyses reveal particularly promising results that feature both a drastic reduction in LTE and an appreciable decrease in the maximum contact stress. Although the method is employed here for hypoid gears, its intrinsically systematic formulation enables straightforward applicability to any kind of gears. The methodology presented in this work can be a useful aid for gear engineers to determine optimal ease-off topographies without having to rely on time-consuming trial-and-error approaches or on a priori subjective judgments.
An Ease-Off Based Optimization of the Loaded Transmission Error of Hypoid Gears
Artoni, A., Kolivand, M., and Kahraman, A. (December 31, 2009). "An Ease-Off Based Optimization of the Loaded Transmission Error of Hypoid Gears." ASME. J. Mech. Des. January 2010; 132(1): 011010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000645
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