Two-phase cross flow exists in many shell-and-tube heat exchangers. Flow-induced vibration excitation forces can cause tube motion that will result in long-term fretting-wear or fatigue. Detailed vibration excitation force measurements in tube bundles subjected to two-phase cross flow are required to understand the underlying vibration excitation mechanisms. An experimental program was undertaken with a rotated-triangular array of cylinders subjected to air/water flow to simulate two-phase mixtures over a broad range of void fraction and mass fluxes. Both the dynamic lift and drag forces were measured with strain gage instrumented cylinders. The experiments revealed somewhat unexpected but significant quasi-periodic forces in both the drag and lift directions. The periodic forces appeared well correlated along the cylinder with the drag force somewhat better correlated than the lift forces. The periodic forces are also dependent on the position of the cylinder within the bundle.
Vibration Excitation Force Measurements in a Rotated Triangular Tube Bundle Subjected to Two-Phase Cross Flow
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Zhang, C., Pettigrew, M. J., and Mureithi, N. W. (March 31, 2006). "Vibration Excitation Force Measurements in a Rotated Triangular Tube Bundle Subjected to Two-Phase Cross Flow." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2007; 129(1): 21–27. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2388996
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