A computational fluid dynamics scheme is employed to simulate the effects of potential fuel injection techniques on gasification performance. The objective is to help design the top-loaded fuel injection arrangement for an entrained-flow gasifier using coal water slurry as the input feedstock. Two specific arrangements are investigated: (a) coaxial dual jet impingement with slurry coal in the center and oxygen in the outer jet and (b) four jet impingement with two single slurry coal jets and two single oxygen jets. When the heterogeneous finite-rate solid-gas reaction scheme is implemented, it is discovered that the particle collision model cannot be implemented with the heterogeneous gasification scheme in the present computational model. The instantaneous gasification model is later employed to examine the particle collision phenomenon by implementing the particle collision model, in which the coal (consisting of carbon and volatiles) is injected as gas, and the water is injected as droplets. The result of droplet tracks shows that the droplets are not bounced around, as speculated, at the intersection where the jets meet, and majority of the droplets pass through the jet impingement section and hit the wall as in the finite-rate case. This implies that the results of the finite rate are acceptable even though the particle collision model is not implemented. The finite-rate result actually presents a worst-case scenario for predicting wall erosion. The particle tracks for both the two concentric and four separate injection configurations show that the coal particles hit the wall and can accelerate the deterioration of the refractory bricks. The case employing two concentric injections provides better fuel-oxidant mixing and higher heating values than the case using four separate injections.
Top Fuel Injection Design in an Entrained-Flow Coal Gasifier Guided by Numerical Simulations
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Wang, T., Silaen, A. K., Hsu, H., and Shen, C. (April 11, 2011). "Top Fuel Injection Design in an Entrained-Flow Coal Gasifier Guided by Numerical Simulations." ASME. J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl. March 2011; 3(1): 011009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4003529
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