A six-degree-of-freedom model was developed and used to simulate the motion of all elements in a cylindrical roller bearing. Cage instability has been studied as a function of the roller-race and roller-cage pocket clearances for light-load and high-speed conditions. The effects of variation in inner race speed, misalignment, cage asymmetry, and varying size of one of the rollers have been investigated. In addition, three different roller profiles have been used to study their impact on cage dynamics. The results indicate that the cage exhibits stable motion for small values of roller-race and roller-cage pocket clearances. A rise in instability leads to discrete cage-race collisions with high force magnitudes. Race misalignment leads to a rise in instability for small roller-cage pocket clearances since skew control is provided by the sides of the cage pocket. One roller of larger size than the others causes inner race whirl and leads to stable cage motion for small roller-race clearances without any variation in roller-cage pocket clearance. Cage asymmetry and different roller profiles have a negligible impact on cage motion.

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